Database Components



A field is an area (within a record) reserved for a specific piece of data. Examples: customer number, customer name, street address, city, state, phone, current balance.

Fields are defined by:

  • Field name
  • Data type
    • Character: text, including such things as telephone numbers and zip codes
    • Numeric: numbers which can be manipulated using math operators
    • Date: calendar dates which can be manipulated mathematically 
    • Logical: True or False, Yes or No
  • Field size
    • Amount of space reserved for storing data



A record is the collection of values for all the fields pertaining to one entity: i.e. a person, product, company, transaction, etc.


A table is a collection of related records. For example, employee table, product table, customer, and orders tables.

In a table, records are represented by rows and fields are represented as columns.


A database is a collection of related tables. It can also include other objects, such as queries, forms, and reports. The structure of a database is the relationships between its tables.

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